Monthly Archives: May 2011
This celebration of four centuries of Japanese art is astonishingly rich, vibrant, and detailed. Moving chronologically in a blend of sophisticated commentary and dazzling reproductions, its topics range from styles, schools, and trends to individual artists, including poet-artist Yosa Buson, Maruyama Okyo (founder of the realist school of Japanese painting), the three “eccentrics” of the eighteenth century, Hakuin and Zenga painting, ukiyo-e (“floating world”) paintings, and more. This survey is unique because, unlike many, it moves beyond the Edo (1615-1868) period into the Meiji period, which saw a transformation in Japanese aesthetics with the establishment of new exhibition venues showing Western art. The idea of integrating outside elements with the Japanese spirit was viewed as fundamental to late nineteenth- and twentieth-century modernism, and resulted in the country’s first oil paintings, the new classicism, paintings reflecting World War II and the postwar period, the work of avant-garde nanga painter Tomioka Tessai, and modern interpretations of Zen thought. Included is a chronology of historical periods, a detailed listing of exhibition works, and artists’ seals. Lauren Roberts
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The Edo period in Japan, from 1615 to 1858, witnessed an unprecedented flourishing of the arts. During these long years of peace and relative stability, Japanese culture attained new levels of refinement and distinction. Innovative painting styles such as Rinpa, nanga, Maruyama-Shijo, ukiyo-e, and zenga flourished along with the traditional painting lineages of the Kano, Tosa, and Hasegawa schools. With the fall of the shogunate in 1868 and the subsequent Meiji restoration, many painting styles current in Edo were practiced along with Western-style oil painting and types that assimilated both Eastern and Western traditions.
Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter.